The Akademi has undertaken the project to publish a Descriptive grammar of Modern Spoken Telugu. The spread of modern means of communication and mass media like the Radio the News papers and the like, seems to have influenced the formation of a variety of spoken Telugu that is supposed to be spoken by the educated Telugu speakers. It is the description of such a variety supposed to be existing among the educated.
The project, therefore, implicitly envisages the range and extent of social mobility among the Telugu speech community. It is interesting to find whether the variety spoken by the educated lot of the community serves as a model to the lower sections of the society in their day-to-day activities. We, therefore conveniently made threefold division of the social scale, one consisting of the highest strata, the second, the middle or lower-high strata and the third, the lowest strata. The first box would include people like Teachers, Bank-Employees and political workers, who by virtue of their social position have the maximum social contacts and probably serving as the models to the other two sections of the society. The second class would include Businessmen and students. An attempt to further stratify the Business community in to sophisticated and General and the students community in to urban and rural did not meet with any great success since the points which we selected for our survey happened to be the Taluq Head quarters in every District, where the speech differences between the sophisticated and the general Businessman were negligible. This class of speakers is supposed to be showing the maximum tendency towards social identity in their speech behaviour. The lower strata would include mostly the occupational class such as Weavers, Facotry workers and the like and may give us degree of speech differences in the speech-behaviour correlating with the difference of social positions.
Consequent upon the elevation of Telugu to the status of the Official language of A.P. in 1966 and to the position of medium of instruction at the University level in 1968, the functional load of the language has increased to a great extent. Even though the modern variety of language is in active use in every field there is no standard grammar for this variety and people have to be contended with the traditional formative grammars, which generally described old telugu. The dialectal variations across regions/social groups and educational levels are still not studied indetail. Keeping in view of these, the Akademi launched in 1969 a Sociolinguistic survey of Telugu, perhaps the first of its kind undertaken by any language institute or university in India.
The survey is undertaken through field methods with the aid of scheme of elicitation. Casual speeches of information are tape-recorded. The results of the study are published in two forms in the form of Bulletins in Telugu for the benefit of all concerned and as a series of monographs in English for the benefit of linguists.
Bulletins on the dialects of the fourteen districts surveyed are published and the four is under preparation. Monographs of Seven districts are also published.
The following are the details of
Bulletins and monographs :