The Andhra Legislative Assembly passed a resolution on 20-9-1955 favouring Telugu as medium of instruction of the State. The Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly constituted a Committee in 1957 under the Chairmanship of the then Speaker Sri A.Kaleswara Rao to prepare a glossary of legislative, legal and administrative terminology. The Government of Andhra Pradesh appointed a Special Officer in 1959 to examine the problem of introducing Telugu as Official Language of the State at Taluk level in the first instance. Subsequently, the Andhra Pradesh Official Language Act (Act 6 of 1966) came into force declaring Telugu as the Official Language of the State.
The Government later appointed a Committee under the Chairmanship of Sri J.P.L.Gwynn, I.C.S (Retd.), the then Second Member of the Board of Revenue to suggest ways and means of development of a Regional Institute. This Committee recommended the establishment of a State Institute of Telugu on the lines of Central Institute of English at Hyderabad. The objects of this institution have been enumerated as under :
The Telugu Akademi has been constituted in G.O.Ms.No.1255(Edn.) dated 12th June, 1968 (Annexure IV). The Board of Governors for the Telugu Akademi were appointed for a period of 3 years. The constitution of the Board is :
The establishment of Telugu Akademi has coincided with the Government of India direction to establish State Institute of languages with a view to promote the development of the Regional Language of the State so that it grows rapidly in its richness and functional efficiency and becomes an effective means of communicating modern knowledge.
The Government of India suggested that the proposed institution may be housed in a suitable University in the State, that it should enjoy close association with all other Universities in the State and that the Chairman of its Board of Management should be the Vice-Chancellor of the University where it is located or the State Minister for Education if the institution isn ot in a University. They also suggested the establishment of three departments in the institution, viz., the Department of Terminology and Production of Literature, the Department of Orientation and Training and the Department of Research and Survey. They also stipulated the possibility of appointing staff on contract basis for a period varying between two to five years in the first instance and that the institution should have an excellent library for purposes of reference and a Language Laboratory and other equipment as a complementary to the same. They have also suggested the staff pattern, qualifications required and the scale of pay to the personnel. In order to make the above institution function effectively the Government of India have agreed to finance the scheme with anon-recurring grant of rupees one crore spread over a period of six years (Annexure V & VI)
The Akademi started functioning with a Special Officer and skeleton staff from 6.9.68. Later the Special Officer has been redesignated as Director of the Akademi in August 1970.
In accordance with the decision of the Vice-Chancellors of the Universities of the State held in the 1969 to have a common syllabus for Intermediate course, the task of preparing and publishing textbooks for the academic year 1969-70 was entrusted to the Akademi. Afterwards, when it was decided to introduce Telugu as medium of instruction at Degree level also, the Akademi was again entrusted with the publication of textbooks for the Degree courses as well.
The Akademi has three different departments viz., the Research and Survey, the Teaching and Training and the Publication. The staff appointed to the work of terminology in the office of the Director of Public Instructions was also transferred to the Telugu Akademi in 1968.